Bariatric surgery isn’t a cosmetic procedure like liposuction
or a tummy tuck. Bariatric surgery helps patients lose weight by
limiting the amount of food intake (restriction) and causing some
of the food to be poorly digested and incompletely absorbed (malabsorption).
Today there are several surgical options for weight loss. You and
your surgeon must evaluate the procedures and decide which one is
right for you. Results achieved by patients must be independently
evaluated and managed. Actual weight loss will vary.
bypass surgeries are combination procedures that use both restriction
and malabsorption to achieve weight loss, They are the most common
types of weight loss surgery performed. The most frequent type of
gastric bypass is called the Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. In Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, staples are used to permanently
close off part of the stomach. This leaves only a small stomach
pouch for the food you eat. Additionally, a Y-shaped piece derived
from an upper portion of the small intestine is attached to this
small stomach pouch. As a result, food from your stomach pouch bypasses
the initial sections of the intestine, which normally would absorb
calories and nutrients after eating.Gastric bypass can be performed
using a traditional open technique or through laparoscopic surgery,
depending on your circumstances and the decision of your surgeon.
The traditional open technique involves an incision in the abdomen
that allows the surgeon to view and access your stomach and intestine.
Laparoscopic surgery uses smaller incisions and a small video camera that projects views of your stomach and intestine onto a monitor in the operating room. Both methods are routinely performed. Talk to your doctor about these two approaches and which would be appropriate for you.
For more information, please watch the video below.